What is gained and lost in the transition toward industrialization and away from more traditional societies?

Reflection Essays. These essays will be concise, single-spaced, one-page, times new roman, 12 ft, reflections.
Reflection 1: Tribe. Sebastian Junger.
Junger spends time comparing and contrasting Western society with tribal or simple hunter-
gatherer societies. What is the difference and why does it matter? What is gained and lost in
the transition toward industrialization and away from more traditional societies? How did that
transition happen?
On page 44-45, Junger describes expectations by Churchill and his government regarding how
British civilians would respond to German bombing. What were those expectations, and how
were they different from reality? What does this illustrate for Junger? What does it tell you
about war and human nature?
Junger says “If war were purely and absolutely bad in every single aspect and toxic in all its
effects, it would probably not happen as often as it does…” (77). What does Junger mean, and
do you agree?
On p. 93, in response to comments from Junger, an anthropologist cautions that “you’ll have to
be prepared to say that we are not a good society – that we are an antihuman society.” Later
on p. 111, Junger argues that “A society that doesn’t offer its members the chance to act
selflessly in these ways isn’t a society in any tribal sense of the word; it’s just a political entity
that, lacking enemies, will probably fall apart on its own.” What does all of this mean, and do
you agree?
General question: Is this really a book about war? What else might it actually be about, and
how does war illustrate this more fundamental argument?
Reflection 2:
Discussion Questions on Just War Doctrine by Michael Walzer. (Dont need to asnwer all these questions.. just ideas).
(Questions 2-5 drawn from Chapter 14, 15, 16 of Walzer’s Just and Unjust Wars)
1) Are the Six Principles of Just War Doctrine still relevant and important today?
Are the stipulations regarding the case for preemptive/preventive war and
the case for humanitarian intervention compelling?
2) Explain what is meant by “asinine ethics.” Specifically, what dilemma does
this raise regarding the proper conduct of war?
3) What is the “right to be neutral,” and are there conditions under which that
right should be suspended?
4) What is the argument of “supreme emergency,” and what have we learned in
this course that might help explain the power that this argument often has?

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